Horizon Research
Materials on this website have been reviewed or prepared by physicians and/or scientists actively involved in research in relation to the subjects being covered.



Our aim is to provide a resource centre for all those who wish to study the state of the human mind at the end of life as well as issues related to this. We have therefore provided a number of references in this section that relate to the material in this website. (Also see a list of newspaper and magazine articles/links in the Media Zone)

To view the following articles you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader


Selection of peer reviewed published scientific articles

Below you will find a selection of articles related to the study of mind, brain consciousness and near death experiences during clinical death (cardiac arrest)


adobe reader 2Sam Parnia. “Experiencing death: an insider’s perspective”. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014 Nov;1330:40-57

adobe reader 2Sam Parnia. “AWARE”. Journal Resuscitation 2014

Fenwick, P., Lovelace, H., Brayne, S. “Comfort for the dying: five year retrospective and one year prospective studies of end of life experiences”. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2010 Sep-Oct;51(2):173-9.
Olaf Blanke and Sebastian Dieguez. “Leaving Body and Life Behind: Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experience”. 20th Chapter of the book: “The Neurology of Consciousness”. 2009, Elsevier Ltd.
Greyson B. “Incidence and correlates of near-death experiences in a cardiac care unit.” Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2003 Jul-Aug;25(4):269-76
Parnia S, Fenwick P. “Do reports of consciousness during cardiac arrest hold the key to discovering the nature of consciousness?” Medical Hypothesis, 2007.
Parnia S, Spearpoint KS, Fenwick PB. “Near death experiences, cognitive function and psychological outcomes of surviving cardiac arrest.” Resuscitation, 2007
Parnia S, Fenwick P. “Near Death Experiences in Cardiac Arrest: Visions of a dying brain or visions of a new science of consciousness.” Resuscitation, 2002, Jan 52, 5-11

adobe reader 6Schwaninger J, Eisenberg PR. “A Prospective Analysis of Near-Death Experiences in Cardiac Arrest Patients.” Journal of Near Death Experiences 2002 20 (4)

Parnia S, Waller D, Yeates R, Fenwick P. “A qualitative and quantitative study of the incidence, features and aetiology of near death experiences in cardiac arrest survivors Resuscitation.” Feb 2001 48, 149-156

French CC. “Dying to know the truth: visions of a dying brain, or false memories?” Lancet. 2001 Dec 15;358(9298):2010-1


Van Lommel P, Wees Van R, Meyers V, Elfferich I. “Near death experiences in survivors of cardiac arrest: a prospective study in the Netherlands.” Lancet 2001 Dec 15; 358 (9289) 2039-2045



Academic Textbook

Parnia S, Spearpoint K, Fenwick P. The Near Death Experience and After Care of Cardiac Arrest Survivors in Cardiac Arrest The Science and Practice of Resuscitation Medicine Edited by Paradis N et al 2nd ed


Non Fiction Books

Sam Parnia, Erasing Death : The science that is rewriting the boundaries between life and death. HarperCollins Publishers, 2013


Fenwick P & Fenwick E., The Art of Dying: Demonstrates that we can face death with a peaceful and untroubled mind; that death is not a lonely or a fearful journey, but an intensely hopeful one, Continuum International Publishing Group, August 2008.


Fenwick P & Fenwick E, The Truth in the Light : An investigation of over 300 near-death experiences, Berkley Trade, 1995, Reprinted January 1, 1997.


Parnia S, What Happens When We Die: A ground breaking study into the nature of life & death, Hay House, September 2005 and December 2005.


Raymond A. Moody, JR., M.D., Life After Life: What lies beyond death; the bestselling original investigation that brought “near death experiences” public attention.



Parnia S, The Lazarus Light in The Tablet 28 August 1999


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